Diagnostic Driving
Improving global driving safety

About the research

We're backed by over two decades of research

 

We spun-out from the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia bringing with us over 25 years of experience in road traffic safety research, numerous scientific papers on our virtual driving test and patents

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Our virtual driving test used in Assess-Coach-Improve™ and Ready-Assess™ was originally validated at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia as a reliable leading indicator of dangerous driving behaviors.

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Our research is supported by these funding agencies

List of scientific published papers about our virtual driving test:

McDonald, C.C., Kandadai, V., Loeb, H., Seacrist, T.S., Lee, Y.C., Winston, Z., & Winston, F.K. (2015). Simulated Driving Assessment (SDA) for teen drivers: results from a validation study. Injury Prevention, 21(3), 145-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2014-041480

McDonald, C.C., Kandadai, V., Loeb, H., Seacrist, T., Lee, Y.C., Bonfiglio, D., Fisher, D.L., & Winston, F.K. (2015). Evaluation of a Risk Awareness Perception Training Program on Novice Teen Driver Behavior at Left-Turn Intersections. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2516, 15-21. https://doi.org/10.3141/2516-03

Loeb, H.S., Kandadai, V., McDonald, C.C., & Winston, F.K. (2015). Emergency Braking in Adults Versus Novice Teen Drivers Response to Simulated Sudden Driving Events. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2516, 8-14. https://doi.org/10.3141/2516-02

Kandadai, V., Loeb, H., Jean-Gilles, G., McDonald, C., Winston, A., Seacrist, T., Winston, F. (2015).  LiveMetrics: Providing individualized feedback on driving performance. SAE Technical Paper, 2015-01-1390.  https://doi.org/10.4271/2015-01-1390

Caplow-Munro, D., Loeb, H., Kandadai, V., & Winston, F. (2015) Open Source Computer Vision Solution for Head and Gaze Tracking in a Driving Simulator Environment. SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst., 8(2) :573-583. https://doi.org/10.4271/2015-01-1386

Loeb, H., Seacrist, T., McDonald, C., & Winston, F. (2014). Simulated Driving Assessment: Case Study for the Development of Drivelab, Extendable Matlab™ Toolbox for Data Reduction of Clinical Driving Simulator Data. SAE Technical Paper, 2014-01-0452. https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-0452

Romer, D., Lee, Y.C., McDonald, C.C., Winston, F.K. (2014). Adolescence, Attention Allocation, and Driving Safety. Journal of Adolescent Health, 54(5), S6-S15.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.10.202

McDonald, C.C., Curry, A.E., Kandadai, V., Sommers, M.S., & Winston, F.K. (2014) Comparison of teen and adult driver crash scenarios in a nationally representative sample of serious crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 72, 302–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2014.07.016

Durbin, D.R., Mirmana, J.H., Curry A.E., Wanga, W., Fisher Thiel, M.C., Schultheis, M., & Winston, F.K. (2014). Driving errors of learner teens: Frequency, nature and their association with practice. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 72, 433-439. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2014.07.033

Winston, F., McDonald, C., Kandadai, V., Winston, Z., & Seacrist, T. (2014). Experience and Skill Predict Failure to Brake Errors: Further Validation of the Simulated Driving Assessment. SAE Technical Paper, 2014-01-0445. https://doi.org/10.4271/2014-01-0445

Ontañón S., Lee, Y.C., Snodgrass, S., Bonfiglio, D., Winston, F.K., McDonald, C., & Gonzalez, A.J. (2014). Case-Based Prediction of Teen Driver Behavior and Skill. In: Lamontagne L., Plaza E. (eds) Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development. ICCBR 2014. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 8765. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-11209-1_27

Winston, F.K., McDonald, C.C., Kandadai, V., Loeb, H., Tanenbaum, J.B., Seacrist, T., Scarfone, S.R., & Winston, Z. (2014). Headway Time Errors, Safe Driving Skill, and Experience: An Initial Validation of the Simulated Driving Assessment. Presented at the Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting. Washington DC: Transportation Research Board. Retrieved from, https://trid.trb.org/view.aspx?id=1289640.

McDonald, C.C., Seacrist, T.S., Lee, Y.C., Loeb, H., Kandadai, V., & Winston, F.K. Headway Time and Crashes Among Novice Teens and Experienced Adult Drivers in a Simulated Lead Truck Braking Scenario. (2013). Proceedings presented at the 7th International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design (439-445). Bolton Landing, New York: University of Iowa. Retrieved from: http://drivingassessment.uiowa.edu/sites/default/files/DA2013/Papers/067_McDonald_0.pdf

McDonald, C., Tanenbaum, J., Lee, Y.C., Fisher, D., Mayhew, D., & Winston, F. (2012). Using Crash Data to Develop Simulator Scenarios for Assessing Novice Driver Performance. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2321, 73-78. https://doi.org/10.3141/2321-10

Curry, A.E., Hafetz, J., Kallan, M.J., Winston, F.K., & Durbin, D.R. (2011). Prevalence of teen driver errors leading to serious motor vehicle crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43(4), 1285-1290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2010.10.019